How to Tutor — Book Report, 1 of 5

hello ladies and gentlemen mr. cropper here going to be doing a little video on a book called how to tutor by Samuel blumenfield for parents and teachers it’s a manual that works it says it’s the author’s words and this is a turned out to be a pretty good book as far as I had gotten in to two chapters in and I thought it’s fair enough to give a little examination of it here so from the preface to the 1986 edition this was originally published in nineteen seventy six and I have here the 1986 edition preface to the 1986 edition I’ll read the first two paragraphs here this book was written specifically to enable parents to teach their children the three basic primary school subjects reading writing and arithmetic at home if you are among the many parents who now wish to homeschool their children this book provides the necessary instructional program to get started a ready-made curriculum for the first year when how to tutor was first published in 1973 it was already apparent that there was a great need for simple straightforward tutoring book for the basic academic skills the public primary schools had degenerated into glorified kindergartens where the major emphasis was on play and activities with practically no emphasis on intellectual development parents cries for back to basics went largely under their children were ever to get a good grounding in the basics the teaching and learning would have to be done at home and then it goes on look further but we won’t sample that now the preface to the current edition the need for tutors today is greater than ever before the reason for this is quite obvious public education is mass education and there are hundreds of thousands of children who need individual one-to-one attention if they are to achieve any real success in their school work in addition public school instruction is deficient in so many ways that millions of children of average intelligence are not learning what they should this fact has been confirmed over and over again by the many educators educators who have written books about the problem okay so we get the sense that this book sees there’s a problem in in the public education in sidestepping it by giving a program for tutoring at home so here we are chapter one will begin here and we’ll just read a few paragraphs and we’ll skip about ten pages and hit another paragraph or two and then on to chapter two chapter one how to qualify as a tutor we won’t get to the part where it talks about a qualified but let’s read the introductory material the art of tutoring is as old as education itself in the early days before the Industrial Revolution before there was such a thing as mass education children were taught the basic educational skills by tutors or even in very small school houses the wealthy hired tutors not only to instruct their children the necessary skills of reading and writing but also to provide a proper moral upbringing the hiring of a tutor was considered a very important business John Locke the English philosopher and educator riding in the 17th century the 1600s as you know described the difficult problem of finding a good tutor who he insisted should have sobriety temperance tenderness diligence and discretion qualities he considered as hardly to be found in persons that are to be had for ordinary salaries nor easily to be found anywhere he explained further the great difficulty will be where to find a proper person for those of small age parts and virtue are unfit for this employment and those that have greater will hardly be got to undertake such a charge you must therefore look out early and inquire everywhere for the world has people of all sorts if you find it difficult to meet with such a tutor as we desire you’re not to wonder I only can say spare no care nor a cost to get such a one all things are to be had that way and I dare assure that if you can get a good one you will never repent the charge but will always have the satisfaction to think of the money of all the other the best laid out in other words you’ll never regret the cost of good education for your child he says looked high and low look everywhere for a good tutor with the following qualities interesting qualities and E names so now we’re going to go to chapter 2 this is a chapter on reading reading is the most important single skill a child will learn during his entire school career I agree four on the ability to read depends the development of everything else in fact reading is the beginning of real intellectual development and if the child is not taught to read properly his entire intellectual development will be handicapped the written word is the depository of all humanities complex thinking and an individual must have easy access to the word of written language to be able to increase his own intellectual development thus the facility with which persons can read a person reads can influence the degree of his intellectual growth the extent to which reading instruction has become deficient in our schools has been the subject of many important books from why Johnny can’t read by rudolph flesh l I’m sorry F l.e.s ch published in 1955 to my own book the new illiterate published in 1973 Samuel bloomin filled that the problem should still persist is an indication of the obstacles that institutions sometimes place in the way of real progress thus the need for this book which circumvents these institutions and obstacles so this book originally published i think is in 1974 republished in 77 and now in 1987 and he says the fact that we still need this even though problems identify 1955 you know that’s scary because then 10 years later in 1997 the problems even worse and 10 years after that 2007 the problems even worse so you know how long can we go so that’s the importance of reading we’ll skip down a little ways how old should a child be before he is ready to learn to read interesting question he should be old enough to understand what you are doing as soon as a child has developed a sufficient speaking skill he should be ready to learn how to read the child’s speaking vocabulary in fact is a very good indicator of his intelligence every child looks forward to learning how to read it represents to him a tremendous step forward and he knows this so you’ll see as he begins to read if you’ve given the proper you know stuff to read as he begins to read his vocabulary will grow exponentially or geometrically at least and reading is his real beginning of his says to the concepts of mankind because until you can learn to read the only way to get information is that people talk to you so so he goes over the importance of reading and then he says down few pages later says the schools are in a period of transition he says we’re going from this looks a method of teaching he calls it the hieroglyphic method where the word stands for something and you can’t break it apart says we’re going from that back to the alphabetic method how long this will take is anyone’s guess perhaps another ten years says this now whether he means another ten years will be done by 87 or another ten years it should be done by 1997 very sad to note that it’s presently the year 2007 and there is no no end in sight to the problem so how to tutor Samuel L blumenfield

How To Write An Effective Research Proposal ? | A Coherent, Clear & Convincing Format | Structure

[Music] you you most of the students and beginning researches do not completely understand what exactly a research proposal means not do they understand its significance to put it straightforwardly once research is only as good as one’s proposal and ill comprehended proposal doomed the project even if it somehow gets through the dissertation supervisory committee a high-quality proposal on the other hand not only promises success for the project but also impresses it will pay this committee about your potential as a researcher a research proposal is envisioned to prove your supervisory committee that you have a what well research project and that you have the capability and the work plan to complete it so in general a research proposal must cover all the key components involved in the research process and include adequate data for the leaders to evaluate the proposed study irrespective of your research area and the methodology you decide on all research proposals have an obligation to address the following and most influential questions those include what you plan to achieve why you want to prepare it and how you are going to do it the proposal should always have appropriate and adequate data to convince or persuade or satisfy your dissertation or prose project supervisory committee but you have an important or research knowledge that you have a what the grip of the relevant literature and the key issues and that your methodology is thoughtful the excellence of your research proposal is subjected not only on the quality of your proposed project on the other hand also on the quality of you will your proposal writing you should always keep it in mind and ensure your research proposal writing is coherent clear and convincing oh let us understand the the format or the structure of the research proposal a research proposal should always begin with the research title so a research title should be concise and expressive so an effective research title not only impresses the supervisory committee but also inclines their positivity in the direction of the proposal abstract so abstract is a brief summary of just about 250 to 300 words it should comprise of the research question the rationale for the study the hypothesis if there is any the method and the key findings descriptions of the method may contain the design procedures the samples and any tools that will be used introduction the key purpose of the introduction is to deliver the required background or a spective for your research problem so the introduction normally starts with a general statement of the problem area with an emphasis on a specific research problem to be followed by a rationale or reasoning for the proposed study the introduction commonly covers the following essentials articulate the research problem which is frequently referred to as the purpose of this study provide the background and set the platform for your research question in such a way as to demonstrate its necessity and significance state the rationale of your proposed study and evidently specify why it is worth doing concisely describe the main issues to be addressed by your research articulate your hypothesis or TV if any set the limitations of your proposed research in order to provide a strong focus literature review at times the literature review is matched into the introduction section on the other hand most of these supervisors prefer a separate section which which permits a more systematic review of the literature the literature review provides a number of vital purposes it makes or it it exhibits your understanding of the research problem it shows your understanding of the critical and researched issues related to your research question or it demonstrates you will skill to to critically evolve it or related literature material it’s it specifies your capability to integrate and synthesize the existing iteration it delivers innovative theoretical perceptions it induces your supervisors that your proposal research will make a significant and considerable contribution to the literature most researchers of our students literature reviews faced difficulties from the following complication missing organization and structures lacking attention focus and Cochran’s being monotonous and lengthy failing to mention prominent sources failing to keep up with contemporary developments failing to critically evaluate cited sources mentioning inappropriate or irrelevant or unimportant references there are different techniques to shape your literature review make use of a peppermint subheadings to bring direction and coherence to your review it is also or supportive to keep in mind that you are seeing a story to an audience or readers so try to say the story in an exciting and thrilling world next methods so the methods section is very Center for the reason that it expresses your supervisors or dissertation committee how you plan to deal your research problem it will provide you will work your work plan and describe the undertakings required for the completion of your task you need to prove your understanding of alternative methods and make the case that your method is the most suitable and most effective way to address your research question so you always have to keep in mind that you were a research portion maybe best answered by a qualitative research on the other hand since the most typical our psychologist was still subjective aganist qualitative research so if we need to justify your qualitative method so additionally since there are no well are recognized or end extensively or accepted rule books in qualitative analysis your method section needs to be more elaborate than what is required for traditional or quantitative research so more importantly the data collection process in qualitative research has a far superior influence on the outcomes as compared to our quantitative research so when it comes to quantitative studies the method section normally comprises of the following sections design our subjects or participants instruments or tools and process these other sections come under this chapter so when it comes to design you how to understand but it is a questionnaire study or a laboratory experiment and what sort of design are you going to choose so subject or participants when it comes to this section of you have to understand who will take part in your study and what kind of sampling process are you going to use so instruments or tools so what kind of measuring instruments or cushions do you use or why do you choose them and are they valid and reliable so the procedure so how do you plan to carry out your study what activities are involved how long does it take so these are the important questions you have to answer in quantitative studies outcomes are results obviously you do not have outcomes or results at the proposal stage nevertheless you need to have some knowledge about what sort of information you will be gathering and what statistical techniques will be used in order to answers your research question or test your hypothesis discussion it is vital to persuade and convince your rigid supervisors or readers of the potential impact of your proposed research you need to communicate a sense of passion and self-reliance without overstating and stating the evidences of the proposal so that is why you also need to mention the limitations of the proposed research which may be justified by time and financial constraints as well as by the early developmental stage of your research area so here are a few common inaccuracies in research proposal writing failure to deliver the appropriate and and accurate background to structures the research caution failure to define the boundary conditions for your research failures to cite milestone references failure to correctly present the critical and empirical contributions by other researchers failure to stay focused on the research cushion failure to develop a coherent and convincing argument for the proposed research to lately or to under sized and finally fail failing to of follow the differencing style you

How To Write An Effective Research Proposal ? | A Coherent, Clear & Convincing Format | Structure

[Music] you you most of the students and beginning researches do not completely understand what exactly a research proposal means not do they understand its significance to put it straightforwardly once research is only as good as one’s proposal and ill comprehended proposal doomed the project even if it somehow gets through the dissertation supervisory committee a high-quality proposal on the other hand not only promises success for the project but also impresses it will pay this committee about your potential as a researcher a research proposal is envisioned to prove your supervisory committee that you have a what well research project and that you have the capability and the work plan to complete it so in general a research proposal must cover all the key components involved in the research process and include adequate data for the leaders to evaluate the proposed study irrespective of your research area and the methodology you decide on all research proposals have an obligation to address the following and most influential questions those include what you plan to achieve why you want to prepare it and how you are going to do it the proposal should always have appropriate and adequate data to convince or persuade or satisfy your dissertation or prose project supervisory committee but you have an important or research knowledge that you have a what the grip of the relevant literature and the key issues and that your methodology is thoughtful the excellence of your research proposal is subjected not only on the quality of your proposed project on the other hand also on the quality of you will your proposal writing you should always keep it in mind and ensure your research proposal writing is coherent clear and convincing oh let us understand the the format or the structure of the research proposal a research proposal should always begin with the research title so a research title should be concise and expressive so an effective research title not only impresses the supervisory committee but also inclines their positivity in the direction of the proposal abstract so abstract is a brief summary of just about 250 to 300 words it should comprise of the research question the rationale for the study the hypothesis if there is any the method and the key findings descriptions of the method may contain the design procedures the samples and any tools that will be used introduction the key purpose of the introduction is to deliver the required background or a spective for your research problem so the introduction normally starts with a general statement of the problem area with an emphasis on a specific research problem to be followed by a rationale or reasoning for the proposed study the introduction commonly covers the following essentials articulate the research problem which is frequently referred to as the purpose of this study provide the background and set the platform for your research question in such a way as to demonstrate its necessity and significance state the rationale of your proposed study and evidently specify why it is worth doing concisely describe the main issues to be addressed by your research articulate your hypothesis or TV if any set the limitations of your proposed research in order to provide a strong focus literature review at times the literature review is matched into the introduction section on the other hand most of these supervisors prefer a separate section which which permits a more systematic review of the literature the literature review provides a number of vital purposes it makes or it it exhibits your understanding of the research problem it shows your understanding of the critical and researched issues related to your research question or it demonstrates you will skill to to critically evolve it or related literature material it’s it specifies your capability to integrate and synthesize the existing iteration it delivers innovative theoretical perceptions it induces your supervisors that your proposal research will make a significant and considerable contribution to the literature most researchers of our students literature reviews faced difficulties from the following complication missing organization and structures lacking attention focus and Cochran’s being monotonous and lengthy failing to mention prominent sources failing to keep up with contemporary developments failing to critically evaluate cited sources mentioning inappropriate or irrelevant or unimportant references there are different techniques to shape your literature review make use of a peppermint subheadings to bring direction and coherence to your review it is also or supportive to keep in mind that you are seeing a story to an audience or readers so try to say the story in an exciting and thrilling world next methods so the methods section is very Center for the reason that it expresses your supervisors or dissertation committee how you plan to deal your research problem it will provide you will work your work plan and describe the undertakings required for the completion of your task you need to prove your understanding of alternative methods and make the case that your method is the most suitable and most effective way to address your research question so you always have to keep in mind that you were a research portion maybe best answered by a qualitative research on the other hand since the most typical our psychologist was still subjective aganist qualitative research so if we need to justify your qualitative method so additionally since there are no well are recognized or end extensively or accepted rule books in qualitative analysis your method section needs to be more elaborate than what is required for traditional or quantitative research so more importantly the data collection process in qualitative research has a far superior influence on the outcomes as compared to our quantitative research so when it comes to quantitative studies the method section normally comprises of the following sections design our subjects or participants instruments or tools and process these other sections come under this chapter so when it comes to design you how to understand but it is a questionnaire study or a laboratory experiment and what sort of design are you going to choose so subject or participants when it comes to this section of you have to understand who will take part in your study and what kind of sampling process are you going to use so instruments or tools so what kind of measuring instruments or cushions do you use or why do you choose them and are they valid and reliable so the procedure so how do you plan to carry out your study what activities are involved how long does it take so these are the important questions you have to answer in quantitative studies outcomes are results obviously you do not have outcomes or results at the proposal stage nevertheless you need to have some knowledge about what sort of information you will be gathering and what statistical techniques will be used in order to answers your research question or test your hypothesis discussion it is vital to persuade and convince your rigid supervisors or readers of the potential impact of your proposed research you need to communicate a sense of passion and self-reliance without overstating and stating the evidences of the proposal so that is why you also need to mention the limitations of the proposed research which may be justified by time and financial constraints as well as by the early developmental stage of your research area so here are a few common inaccuracies in research proposal writing failure to deliver the appropriate and and accurate background to structures the research caution failure to define the boundary conditions for your research failures to cite milestone references failure to correctly present the critical and empirical contributions by other researchers failure to stay focused on the research cushion failure to develop a coherent and convincing argument for the proposed research to lately or to under sized and finally fail failing to of follow the differencing style you

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper

hello this is kevin from word vice and today i’m going to talk to you about what you need to include in a research paper abstract now why is the abstract important well it essentially seduces the reader into reading the rest of your paper and even purchasing the paper if necessary it also must summarize all of the parts of your paper by writing accurately concisely and including only the most important content you can keep those readers seduced into reading your paper before we get into the nitty-gritty of the structure of the abstract let’s talk about a couple things you need to keep in mind before you even begin to write it there are two main types of abstracts that accompany research writing the first is the descriptive abstract the descriptive abstract is around 100 to 200 words in length and what it does is it indicates the type of information found in the paper it explains the purpose objective and methods of the paper but not the results or the conclusion the informative abstract on the other hand is by far more common for conferences in journals and these abstracts essentially act as a surrogate of the paper they summarize every aspect of the study including the results you also want to make sure you research all of the guidelines for the journal or conference to what you’re submitting before you write the abstract ask questions about the maximum or minimum word count ask is your abstract structured or unstructured a structured abstract has explicit headings that show which part of the abstract you’re writing whereas an unstructured abstract does not you also want to be sure of any specific formatting requirements that the journal or conference will have now let’s talk about the structure of the abstract an abstract is essentially a summary of your paper and contains five sections these sections are the purpose and motivation the problem the methods you used the results and the conclusion as abstracts are almost always one long paragraph these sections will flow into each other and create a unified holistic effect in section one you need to identify the purpose and motivation of your study now right off the bat you need to get the reader’s attention so clearly state both your motivation for study and the purpose of your study why did you decide to do this particular study and why is it important to your area of study or a wider audience so your motivation sentence might look something like this rising incidents of rabies among domestic animals is an increasing concern in Brazilian cities immediately following the purpose and motivation section you need to state your problem what is your research trying to better understand or what questions is it trying to solve what is your central claim or argument don’t be afraid to start your purpose sentence clearly and frankly the purpose of this research is by being clear and direct you’re going to let the reader know your intentions in the study a problem statement might look something like this the purpose of this study is to investigate the connection between urban population proximity to jungles with wild squirrel populations in the incidence of rabies and domestic animals we’ve started out with the purpose of the study is to again this is a great way to state your problem and indicate to the reader what your study is about following your motivations and the problem you need to talk about your methods what did you do and how did you do it now you don’t have a lot of space to talk about your methods here so what you want to do is discuss only those methods that are most significant which parts are most important for readers to understand your results using a cross sectional analysis this study analyzed the incidence of rabies and Brazilian squirrels from 2007 to 2015 and measured these results against a similar study conducted in 2011 the language in this section deals directly with the research and analysis methodology but as you can see we’ve only focused on the most important parts of this methodology now in the methodology section you want to be sure and not include any references to other works or studies you can do that later in the introduction of your paper the next section of your abstract will be a summary of the results just as in the method section you should determine what the most significant results were you should link these results to your problem in your conclusion think about what your study yielded in terms of concrete outcomes for example trends figures correlations between were there any highly unexpected outcomes or were they all largely predicted again because of space you don’t really want to be too detailed here and you want to pull your reader in so focus on the most significant parts of your results let’s check in with our Brazilians girlfriends the proximity of a dense urban population to brazilian squirrel habitats was found to play the greatest role in facilitating the spread of rabies to domestic animals and we’ve linked our results directly back to the problem we initially asked which was what is the role what is the correlation between urban population and rabies and domestic animals in the last section of your abstract you should give a statement about the implications of your study this is your conclusion statement relate this content back to your problem and purpose you established earlier you want to answer the question you initially set out to answer at the beginning of the abstract here are some questions you can think about answering here what did the results mean in the context of your problem what other unanswered questions about your problem are there and what other studies might yield further solutions to these questions in our sample abstract we can make a conclusion like so this study definitively answers the questions regarding correlation between proximity to brazilian squirrels and the transmission of rabies to pets further studies are needed to establish causal relationships and develop preventative measures so our language reflects the problem that we initially set out to answer which is the question regarding this correlation of the proximity this conclusion also addresses the issue of lack of information for related studies here’s some general tips to keep in mind when writing your abstract first write the abstract last writing your abstract last will ensure that the information in both the body of your paper and the abstract are consistent always keep your content in order start with the introduction and finish with the conclusion if you’re out of order the reader might be confused and skip to the next abstract write the abstract from scratch because the abstract is a self-contained entity even though it’s a mini paper you want to make sure to avoid any redundancies in your copying and pasting from the body of your paper really does not make for a strong abstract only include key terms in key words in the abstract that are highly relevant to your paper while throwing a lot of key words out there may generate a lot of traffic and views of your abstract it certainly won’t engage the reader to keep reading your paper the same principle of relevancy applies to the keywords that you put at the bottom of your abstract by using the terms that are most relevant to your paper you ensure that on a search engine or database the researchers searching for your work will find what they need to find and not extraneous information so we hope this video was helpful in helping you write an abstract that will engage and encourage a reader to keep reading your paper if so please like and subscribe to our Channel and for more great content please visit word vice.com thanks and happy writing